All Theses, Dissertations, and Capstone Projects

Year of Award



Doctor of Education (EdD)


College of Education & Allied Health

Degree Program

Collaborative High Impact Instruction


Education and Special Education

First Advisor

Jamie Doronkin

Second Advisor

Joanne Fish

Third Advisor

Catherine Schroy

Fourth Advisor

Jo Ann Mattson


Online Learning, Myers-Briggs, Sense of Belonging, MBTI, qualitative, personality, testing, trait, education


Online learning has dramatically increased over the last decade. With this increase, a student’s sense of belonging has emerged as a critical factor that contributes to student learning and success. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI®), an instrument for understanding personality differences, is widely used as one of the most popular psychological assessments. Through a mixed-methods research design, this study addressed the concept of a sense of belonging in online learning environments and the potential connections to the Myers-Briggs personality type indicators. Undergraduate and graduate students taking at least one online course at a small, private university took the MBTI assessment before responding to an online survey with questions regarding a sense of belonging. While the results showed no significant relationship between a specific personality type and a sense of belonging in online learning environments, this study found interesting connections between the personality traits of introvert, intuition, feeling and judging.

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.