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Dementia is a type of condition that is generally characterized by any progressive decline in the brain’s ability to function cognitively and linguistically, brought by either injury or disease. Around the world, roughly 55 million people, live with dementia, with an incidence rate of nearly 10 million per year. Some of the individuals affected by this condition are also bilingual speakers, who comprise about 43% of the global population (World Health Organization: WHO, 2023). Individuals who speak more than one language actively engage in code-switching, where they must alternate between languages. Because of this, speech-language pathologists and other allied health professionals need to know how to properly analyze assessment results for language characteristics seen in bilingual individuals with dementia. The following review will analyze common characteristics of the language in individuals with dementia and how to create an effective treatment from assessment findings.
Dementia, Cognitive functioning, Bilingual speakers, Language treatment plan
Communication Sciences and Disorders | Speech and Hearing Science | Speech Pathology and Audiology
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College of Education and Allied Health
Communication Disorders and Deaf Education
Master of Science (MS)
Fontbonne University Archives
St. Louis, MO
Durr, Christopher Logan, "Dementia: Effects on the Language Skills of Bilingual Speakers" (2023). 2023 SLP Posters. 20.
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