All Theses, Dissertations, and Capstone Projects

Year of Award



Master of Business Administration (MBA)


College of Business & Professional Studies

Degree Program

Business Administration


Business Administration


discrimination, civil rights, minorities, contractors, affirmative action, employees, managers


Title Vil Civil Rights Act of 1964 was to bring about a change, a new beginning, and an opportunity for all minorities. Title Vll removed the legal sanction for race and sex discrimination. Title Vll declared it unlawful practice for an employer to deprive any individual of employment opportunities or adversely affect his status as an employee, because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.

In 1966, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established to implement the employment provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The EEOC has the power to investigate complaints, conciliate, and recommend the initiation of civil action by the Justice Department.

Although African Americans have made significant advancements in the work force during the last 20 years, there are still a number of valid reasons for questioning the extent of any advances in comparison with whites, including the value of fringe benefits, and other factors that are more advantageous to whites. The achievement of equality of opportunity in employment and income seem to be only a dream, far the overall persistence of prejudice and racial fear still exist in the American society.

It is a proven fact that discrimination against African Americans has lead to racial differences in wages among workers with identical labor market productivity, and in turn it effects our economy as a whole.

Because of numerous discrimination lawsuits reaching the Supreme Court, Congress reacted by passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The 1991 Act can be viewed as one of protection and/or retaliation on behalf of the minority employee against unlawful employment practices in the workplace.

Is affirmative action fair? Is affirmative really working? Does it even exist? Why is there a need for laws to enforce equality?

Document Type

Restricted Thesis

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